By Anthony Kenny
Right here readers will locate not just an authoritative consultant to the heritage of philosophy, but additionally a compelling creation to each significant zone of philosophical inquiry. --from writer description
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Extra info for A New History of Western Philosophy Vol 1 Ancient Philosophy
Empedocles, of course, had a claim to identify himself with all these professions. In his writing, Empedocles moves seamlessly between an austerely mechanistic mode and a mystically religious one. He sometimes uses divine names for his four elements (Zeus, Hera, Aidoneus, and Nestis) and identiWes his Love with the goddess Aphrodite, whom he celebrates in terms anticipating Schiller’s great ‘Ode to Joy’ (KRS 349). No doubt his own claim to divinity can be deXated in the same way as he demythologizes the Olympian gods.
DiVerent biographical traditions, not all chronologically possible, make Empedocles a pupil of Pythagoras, of Xenophanes, and of Parmenides. Certainly he imitated Parmenides by writing a hexameter poem On Nature; this poem, dedicated to his friend Pausanias, contained about 2,000 lines, of which we possess about a Wfth. He also wrote a religious poem, PuriWcations, 12 The Principles of Mathematics (London: Allen & Unwin, 1903), 347. 20 13 See Ch. 5 below. PYTHAGORAS TO PLATO of which less has been preserved.
2. 26). In antiquity, however, he was best known for his attachment to the Xamboyant aristocrat Alcibiades, some twenty years his junior: an attachment which, though passionate, remained, in the terminology of a later age, platonic. The Socrates of Xenophon On more important issues, there is little that is certain about Socrates’ life and thought. For further information we are dependent above all on the two disciples whose works have come down to us intact, the soldierly historian Xenophon, and the idealist philosopher Plato.
A New History of Western Philosophy Vol 1 Ancient Philosophy by Anthony Kenny