Read e-book online A Decent Provision: Australian Welfare Policy, 1870 to 1949 PDF

By John Murphy

An honest Provision is a story background of the way and why Australia outfitted a particular welfare regime within the interval from the 1870s to 1949. firstly of this era, the Australian colonies have been belligerently insisting they need to now not have a negative legislations, but had reproduced some of the structures of charitable provision in Britain. through the beginning of the 20 th century, a mixture of prolonged suffrage, simple salary law and the elderly pension had resulted in a name as a 'social laboratory'. And but part a century later, Australia used to be a 'welfare laggard' and the exertions Party's welfare nation of the mid-1940s used to be a comparatively modest and parsimonious development. types of welfare in accordance with social coverage were vigorously rejected, and the Australian process endured on a course of hugely residual, specific welfare funds.

The ebook explains this curious and halting trajectory, exhibiting how offerings made in prior many years restricted what might be performed, and what may be imagined. in line with large new learn from a number of fundamental resources it makes an important contribution to common historic debates, in addition to to the sphere of comparative social coverage.

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118.  Mendelsohn, The Condition of the People, p. 86. ’, pp. 118, 122. A Decent Provision 12 the hope to produce ‘a new world without welfare’. 10 These cross-class objections to the complex meanings of the Poor Law reflected both the aspirations of new societies and the economic facts of labour scarcity. 11 It was a common enough reflection. Anthony Trollope had noted the same sentiment when he toured Australia in the 1870s, though he commented that, although there was no Poor Law, it did not follow that there were no poor.

27 Yet it seems little of Strong’s compassion for the poor had rubbed off on Goldstein. 28 Goldstein applied the remorseless logic of the laws of supply and demand, so central to market liberalism, to the practice of charity: in the large cities of the Old World, where outdoor relief was at once stopped, people did not suffer by it … Where there is relief given it creates a demand, and 26 The quotations about the methods of the British COS are taken from the enthusiastic discussion in Second Report of the Royal Commission on Public Charities, [NSWPP, 1898], p.

Municipal leaders had unanimously protested that, if their rates were used to support institutions, this amounted to a ‘poor rate’. 38 Trade union witnesses before the commission had similarly argued that a system of local rating would be another impost on the working-class homeowners they represented. Now, in the parliament, there was vigorous opposition to any new taxation. Turner was proposing to draw some of the funds from licensing fees, but this would make the charities dependent on ‘the drink traffic’.

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A Decent Provision: Australian Welfare Policy, 1870 to 1949 by John Murphy


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